Esther Boserup. Boserup, a Danish agricultural economist, is distinguished by two intellectual achievements: a seminal theory of population to rival Malthus in. Issue Analysis Essay – Thomas Malthus and Ester Boserup Issues in Population Geography University of Toronto – Nicolette Ramcharan Thomas Malthus’ Essay . work of Ester Boserup, however, continues to transcend the boundaries of this polarized discourse. This paper reviews the main points of Boserupian theory and.

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People must understand and analyze that food will run out. There are various flaws in his arguments and theories for example Thomas Malthus was silent on men, only explaining that women are the ones who keep giving birth. One of those resources is food.

Malthus vs Boserup

Boserup’s work is widely credited as a motivation behind the United Nations Decade for Women. Harrod—Domar model neoclassical growth ot Endogenous growth theory Unified growth theory balanced growth theory.

Throughout history geographers have tried to understand the connection between population dynamics and the environment. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Boserup, a Danish agricultural economist, is distinguished by two intellectual achievements: The theory of agricultural development posed by Boserup is more subtle and complex than that of any of her predecessors.

Theories of resource consumption Thomas Malthus: They cultivate the land more intensively, they add extra manure, extra fertiliser, extra boserip and improve their crops.

From a political stance, the Malthusian theories were used against helping the poor. High-tech agriculture should therefore only be found in places with large populations of near-starving people. Malthus also created a hypothesis for the upper class that were voracious, by giving them reasons not to squander their riches. She also influenced the debate on the women in workforce and human developmentand the possibility of better opportunities of work and education for women.

However if the farmer has two more children, the pressure to produce more food might drive him to build irrigation canals to bring water to the fourth field or to buy a different type of seed that will grow in drier ground.

The Malthusian views are populatipn it presupposes a social system and a set of assumptions Malthus, Skip to main content. Drawing on her tbeory of farming in the developing world, where populations were growing quickly, Boserup argued that the threat of starvation and the challenge of feeding more mouths motivates people to improve their farming methods and invent new technologies in order to produce more food.


Ester had married Mogens Boserup when both were twenty-one; the young couple lived on his allowance from his well-off family during their remaining university years. The family was almost destitute for several years. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Malthus is talking about the potential for a population to face environmental limits.

The capitalism system for example, it depends on what kinds of systems are being used there Malthus, However they carry opposing theories towards what occurs when resources are limited for the population Boserup, In addition, the law of diminishing returns depicts that increased populations would intensify the pressure of farming more intensively while developing poorer land and agriculture which would lead to subordinate harvests Malthus, At the time when he was writing the Industrial Revolution had not yet arrived, and without developments such as pesticides and fertilisers the amount of food that could be produced per acre of land was bosrrup smaller than it is today.

For the rest of her life, she worked as a consultant and writer. The paper first summarizes Boserup’s theory of agricultural change and esger the misconceptions to which it has given rise.

In high-income countries food supply is relatively secure; Britain has not experienced a widespread food shortage since the Second World War. Under pressure of numbers, with more mouths to feed, people put more labour and more intense effort into feeding themselves, and find ways to get more food production out of the land. Boserup argued estrr when population density is low enough to allow it, land tends to be used intermittently, with hteory reliance on fire to clear fields, and fallowing to restore fertility often called slash and burn farming.

Ester Boserup – Wikipedia

Woman’s Role in Economic Development, too, has been republished many times, appearing in print in at least a half dozen languages. Contending with insufficiently fallowed and less fertile plots, covered with grass or bushes rather than forest, mandates expanded efforts at fertilizing, field preparation, weed control, and irrigation.


Her position countered the Malthusian theory that agricultural methods determine population via limits on food supply. The objective of this essay is to review earlier attempts to relate the intensification of agriculture to population growth, to outline Boserup’s theory, and to examine the criticisms which have been made of the theory. You probably don’t have to choose between Boserup and Malthus. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience.

By analyzing this newspaper article by Hannah Waters, we are able to grasp the fundamental ideas of Paul Ehrlich as well as Julian Simon.

This, Malthus thought, was what would save us from large-scale starvation. The principal means of increasing agricultural output is intensification.

As discussions of the positive effect of population growth upon agricutural change have been less common than focus on the negative effects, Ester Boserup’s book, “The Conditions of Agricultural Growth,” and her subsequent work in which it is argued that population growth is the prime cause of agricultural change is of great importance.

Estef poor would be placed in dangerous situations because they were situated and being born in unclean conditions.

Originally published in thepry, The Conditions of Agricultural Growth has been republished at least off times afterward, and has been translated into at least four additional languages. Indeed to feed more mouths people have to dig deeper into the environment, to divert more biological productivity for themselves, to demand more from the soil, to use more water, more fertiliser etc.

But the population has not stopped growing. So theroy more food was needed she wrote that people would invent ways of increasing food supply – crops thsat fight diseases or survive with less water are examples of this.

You could argue that the Malthusian trap drove 18 th Century Europeans to industrialise. Her first major work, The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: